Terms and Conditions

3 August 2021

Our privacy policy can be found here.

Your use of the Transnational Arbitration Observer (TAO) Website is subject to the terms, conditions and understandings detailed below. By accessing this Website, you hereby acknowledge that you have read and accept all of our terms, conditions and understandings.

Informational Purposes Only / Not Legal Advice.

The information contained in the TAO Website is provided solely for informational purposes, and should not be construed as legal advice on any subject matter. Any information contained herein is not intended to be a substitute for legal advice on any subject. Internet subscribers and on-line readers should not act upon this information without seeking professional advice. You should not rely upon any information contained herein for any purpose without seeking legal advice from a qualified lawyer competent to practice law in your jurisdiction.

No Warranties/Limitations of Liability.

The information provided on the TAO website is provided on an "as-is" basis without warranties of any kind either express or implied including without limitation warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement. TAO makes no warranties or representations of any kind concerning any information contained in the TAO website which is provided only as general information. TAO expressly disclaims all liability with respect to actions taken or not taken based upon the information contained herein or with respect to any errors or omissions in such information

Third-Party Links.

Some links within the TAO Website may lead to other sites. The TAO Website does not incorporate any materials appearing in such link sites by reference and TAO does not necessarily sponsor, endorse or otherwise approve of such linked materials. TAO expressly disclaims any responsibility or liability for the content of any such third-party resources/links. TAO does not guarantee the timeliness, sequence, accuracy, completeness or liability or content of such information.

Copyright notice.

The information contained in the TAO Website is protected by copyright and all rights are reserved to TAO and to contributing authors. Prior to accessing the information contained in the TAO Website you have to register. Once registered you are authorised to download and print one copy of the articles in the TAO Website for your internal educational or professional use or for providing services to your clients provided all printouts clearly include the name of the author and of TAO. The work so downloaded must not be modified. Copies downloaded must not be further circulated. Each individual wishing to download a copy must first register with the website.

All other use including copying, distribution, retransmission or modification of the information or materials contained herein without the express written consent of TAO is strictly prohibited. Should the user contravene these conditions TAO reserve the right to send a bill for the unauthorised use to the person or persons engaging in such unauthorised use. The bill will charge to the unauthorised user a sum which takes into account the copyright fee and administrative costs of identifying and pursuing the unauthorised user.


Comprehensive downloading and storage on institutional or private systems is not allowed. MARIS BV monitors usage and has the right to intervene if this type of downloading has been detected. Intervention may result in restricting the number of allowed downloads per 24 hours or may result in temporarily blocking access to the account (this can be an account used by more than 1 user such as those users with IP range based authentication) until the client has taken steps to prevent this type of downloading.

Comprehensive downloading and storage on institutional or private systems will attract additional yearly license fees calculated at the cumulative maximum corporate fee covering all prior years of TAO publication (starting in 2021), i.e. the maximum corporate fee that would have been payable for a subscription for each year since 2021.

Job advertisements.

Job advertisements may contain inaccuracies or typographical errors. TAO makes no representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the advertisement. Changes may be made at any time.

Employers advertising the vacancy are solely responsible for their postings. TAO is not to be considered to be an employer with respect to your use of the websites and shall not be responsible for any employment decisions, for whatever reason made, made by any entity posting jobs on the TAO website.

Advertising, sponsorship ...

Advertising, sponsorship or other support by TAO or affiliates for conferences and similar events is a matter within the authority of the Publisher, MARIS BV. No member of the Editorial Committee or the Editorial Board is responsible in any capacity for decisions as to such matters.